Glaucoma is an eye condition that can affect anyone. Certain groups, however, are more at risk from the condition than others. Factors such as ethnicity and age come into the equation, and some types of the condition are hereditary.
Glaucoma takes certain forms and different groups are affected by the different types of glaucoma. This post highlights the groups who are more prone to the condition.
Glaucoma is a hereditary condition in its most common form, primary open angle glaucoma. So if you have family members with glaucoma, you’re at higher risk of devleoping it. It is estimated that you can be up to nine times more likely to suffer with glaucoma under these circumstances
If you are over sixty, experts believe that you are five times more likely to contract Glaucoma.
If you are of Asian descent then you are at more risk of contracting angle-closure glaucoma. This type of glaucoma accounts for less than 10% of all cases of glaucoma. If you are of Japanese descent you are a higher risk of normal tension glaucoma.
Suffered an Eye Injury?
Eye injuries tend to be a cause of glaucoma. The condition can onset straight away or it can manifest years later.
Eye injuries which involve bruising or penetration can lead to traumatic glaucoma. This often occurs from sports such as boxing or being hit with a cricket ball.
There is some evidence that steroid users are more prone to contracting glaucoma. A 1997 study reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that there was a 40% increase in incidence of ocular hypertension and open-angle glaucoma in adults who require between 14 – 35 puffs of steroid inhaler to control their asthma. If you have severe asthma you may need this amount to control it.
Other factors which may make you prone to glaucoma include
- Central corneal thickness less than .5mm
- High myopia (nearsightedness)
Concerned About Glaucoma?
If you are concerned about glaucoma and feel you fit into a high-risk category ensure you undergo a complete eye examination, including eye dilation every year.